A topographic survey is a map of a property that shows all the features on the land. This includes things like contours (the peaks and valleys), vegetation, physical attributes, and utilities. It is important to have this information before starting a construction project so that the team knows what they are dealing with.
The survey is conducted by a licensed surveyor using different methods, depending on the size and features of the land. A topographic survey locates all surface features of a property and depicts all-natural features and elevations. In essence, it is a 3-dimensional map of a 3-dimensional property showing all natural and man-made features and improvements.
The goal of a topographic survey is to locate and map each surface feature of a specific property. The survey will show the following elements:
In summary, all of this information is key to knowing exactly what is being dealt with prior to embarking on a big construction project. The more data obtained, the more detailed the survey will be.
The topographic map is often the building block for all future planning and design. Failing to get the information before construction begins can lead to some very expensive challenges later on. The topographic survey equips the project team to properly deal with the land, which helps keep the project on budget and on schedule. Additionally, many governing bodies will require a topographical survey as part of the approval process.
Topographic surveys use three different methods to produce a topographical map
A topographic survey must be conducted by a licensed surveyor in order for it to be considered legally binding during topographic surveying.
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